figure out head shape?

figure out head shape?

Repost of my old thread


Anatomy Lesson

Head shape classification

Anatomical terms for the three types of the head shapes (that we know as, Long oval, intermediate, and round)


Dolichocephalic (long head : what we call “long oval” head)

Brachycephalic (short head : what we call “ round head”)

Mesocephalic (intermediate)

The head shapes are classified by

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Cephalic Index = x/y × 100

(CI = (bipareital diameter or BPD, side to side measurement) / (occipitofrontal diameter or OFD, front to back measurement) ) × 100


click on the picture to see larger image

figure out head shape?[/url]Hot spot 18, on Flickr

CI < 75 (female) 75.9 (male) is Dolichocephalic

CI 75 to 83 (female) , 76 to 81 (male) is Mesocephalic

CI > 83 (female), 81.1 (male) is Brachycephalic

Note : There’s a difference between male and female skull. That’s why the numbers are different for male and female.

What matters for helmet fitment are

Smooth, more vertical frontal bone (forehead) on female skull

Male skull has more angled (tilted back) forehead

Rounded chin (female skull) vs Square chin (Male skull)

The more blocky and massive cranial mass on male skull vs rounder and tapering at the top female skull

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Male skull have a deeper cranial structure

(I should probably explain the difference between caucasoid vs mongoloid skull shape , but let me keep on explaining about round head hot spot problem (pain on temple area) for now.)

(There’s also CRANIAL INDEX, which is essentially the same thing except for the fact that it uses the measurement taken from the skull.

For the people who deal with live human’s head (such as helmet manufacturers), Cephalic Index (which takes flesh and skin in account) is the one that matters.

For the people who deal with the skull (such as forensic artist), Cranial Index (which takes shrinkage of the dried bone in account) is the one to use.)

Now, this Cephalic Index would have been really useful if the helmet manufacturers had used this, to indicate the internal shape of their helmets.


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