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Inboard brakes are fitted to a drive axle of the car, as they require a drive rotating shaft to link the wheel to the brake. Most have therefore been used for rear-wheel drive cars, although four-wheel drive and some front-wheel drives have besides used them. A rare few buttocks wheel drive racing cars ( for example, the Lotus 72 ) have besides used inboard presence disk, accepting the need to provide a front brake diaphysis to gain the overall unsprung weight and braking torsion advantages. Inboard brakes for early race cars have rarely used cram brakes, although closely all inboard brakes date from the disc brake era.
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Excepting the case of vehicles with beam axles and vehicles having no suspension, in practice it is normal for inboard brakes to be mounted rigidly with deference to the consistency of the vehicle, frequently to the differential shell. This is done to move the weight of the braking mechanism from being carried by the wheels immediately as unsprung mass, to being carried indirectly by the wheels via the suspension as jump mass. This then necessitates a means of transferring braking torsion from the brake mechanism to the steering wheel, which is able of operating despite the relative motion between consistency and bicycle. Driven wheels already have shafting ( or chains in older vehicles ) which serve this determination so there is no penalty for them, but undriven wheels require a like mechanism which is then called a brake shaft. The benefit of such a organization is primarily the reduction of unsprung slant which improves handling and tease. The suspension does not have to resist twisting when the brakes are applied. The wheels do n’t enclose the brake mechanism allowing greater flexibility in bicycle set-back, and placement of pause members. It is besides much easier to protect the brake mechanism from the outside environment, and protect it from water, dust, and vegetable oil. Of secondary importance is elastic brake pipes are avoided ; fixed pipes allow increases in bracken fluid pressure, allowing for a smaller magnetic disk to manage a given brake torsion. The mechanical disadvantages are largely those of add complexity. Undriven wheels require a brake rotating shaft. Mounted inboard, it is more difficult to arrange for cooling air to flow over the rotor and breeze ducting can be required to prevent bracken evanesce. Inboard brakes besides affect anti-pitch suspension geometry.
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There can be practical difficulties in servicing the brake mechanism. alternatively of merely removing a wheel to renew pads and disk, the fomite may need to be jacked up, so a machinist can work underneath the fomite. additionally renewing brake phonograph record can require dismantling the half axle. This greatly discourages their use in motorsport, and the extra time makes for greater british labour party cost when servicing these parts. This system was more common in the 1960s, found on such cars as the Jaguar E-Type and Citroën 2CV. The Hummer H1 is one of the few mod vehicles fitted with inboard brakes, to accommodate each bicycle ‘s portal site gearing system. Hybrid electric vehicles may be considered to have partial derivative inboard brake, because the motor–generator ( second ) used for the regenerative separate of the brake are normally mounted inboard .
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Cars with inboard brakes at the repel end include :
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