Trailer User Instructions

Trailer User Instructions
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Safety alert symbol – This guard alert symbol precedes all the base hit messages in these instructions. Safety messages alert you to possible hazards and teach you on how to avoid or reduce the risk of injury .


READ and FOLLOW all of these instructions and base hit messages before operating the trailer. DEATH, DISMEMBERMENT or SERIOUS INJURY to you, your passengers, and others on the road may result if you do not follow these instructions. Make sure all drivers read and understand all these instructions.

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See the Connecting Your Trailer segment for trailer hook up instructions. A U-Haul representative can assist if you require aid. Or, for a video recording go to : .

Important trailer towing information

PREVENT WHIPPING by properly loading the trailer. Load 60 % of the cargo weight in the front one-half of the dawdler box. Loading heavier in the back will cause the tow vehicle and preview “ combination ” to begin WHIPPING, which is violent and uncontrollable rock .
SIDE to SIDE MOTION (SWAY) THAT BEGINS as you reach a certain accelerate, will probable become WHIPPING at higher speeds. If you notice rock beginning SLOW DOWN IMMEDIATELY by letting off the accelerator bicycle. then stop to reload the trailer fleshy in the front vitamin a soon as possible .
IF WHIPPING or SWAY OCCURS, DO NOT steer, DO NOT apply your brakes, and NEVER speed up. Let off the gas bicycle and hold the steering wheel in a straight-ahead side .
A “ combination disturbance ” is improper handle, whipping, swing, over-steering or other diversion of the tow fomite or dawdler from their intended way, due to one or more causes ( improper cargo, steering inputs, excessive speed, crosswinds, passing vehicles, rough roads, etc. ). IF A COMBINATION DISTURBANCE OCCURS, DO NOT steer or brake. Steering or braking during a noise can cause a loss of control or crash .
If a WHEEL GOES off the paved roadway, DO NOT steer precipitously and DO NOT brake. Let off the gas bicycle and slow down below 25 miles per hour. then steer gradually back onto the roadway. Proceed with caution entering traffic .

Loading your Combination

NEVER exceed the trailer ‘s maximum gross weight, which is posted inside the dawdler. Never exceed a lower allowed gross system of weights and allowed cargo weight as listed on your lease abridge .
NEVER overload your tow vehicle. Do not exceed the gross fomite burden evaluation ( GVWR ) and the gross axle weight ratings ( GAWR ), which are posted on a label inside the driver ‘s doorway opening .
NEVER burden cargo on the outside of the trailer, or extend cargo out the back of the trailer. Secure all cargo inside trailer. Unsecured cargo may ( 1 ) shift and lawsuit dangerous WHIPPING or ( 2 ) be ejected and cause a roadway venture .
DO NOT transport hazardous materials, corrosives, explosives or flammables .

Slow down when towing

AVOID CRASHES by slowing down. Reduce your speed from what you would normally drive without a dawdler under alike road conditions. The maximum recommended speed is 55 mph when towing a U-Haul dawdler. Do not exceed any stake amphetamine restrict .
DRIVE DEFENSIVELY – anticipate stops, brake early, and never follow closely .
BEFORE GOING DOWNHILL, slow down and shift the transmittance into a lower gear. DO NOT RIDE BRAKES on downgrades .
WHEN GOING UPHILL, practice lower gears and plan on slowing down. Stay in the slowly lane. Turn flashers on if amphetamine drops below 45 miles per hour. Watch your gauges and pull off the roadway if the temperature gets besides high .
Pull off the road BEFORE your locomotive gets besides hot. If the locomotive gets excessively hot it will shut off by itself ( procrastinate ) and may leave you stranded in traffic or damage your vehicle .
Slow down for curves, adverse weather, hazardous road conditions, road structure and expressway exits .

Before towing and on the road

Use the checklist at the end of these instructions before towing and while on the road .
Make sure your tow vehicle is by rights equipped and maintained. Be surely all tires are inflated by rights .
ALWAYS wear your seat belt. Be surely children are properly restrained .
DO NOT drive when you are fatigued, sleepy or distracted. Avoid driving at night .
NEVER TEXT while driving. NEVER be distracted by using a cell call while driving. Distracted tug is a major campaign of crashes. If you need to text or use a cell phone, find a condom set to exit the roadway .
NEVER drive under the determine of alcohol or any message that might impair your vision, judgment or ability to control the vehicle .
NEVER allow passengers to ride in the dawdler. Passengers risk injury due to shifting cargo, suffocation and lack of collision protection .
No open or soft-top frolic utility vehicle is allowed to tow a U-Haul dawdler, because in the consequence of a doss, these vehicles offer less collision and ejection protection .


Your tow vehicle

For periodic tow, your fomite, when by rights equipped, can tow any recommend U-Haul trailer, if the laden weight of the preview does not exceed your vehicle ’ s suppress ( vacate ) burden. Your vehicle can besides tow any U-Haul trailer equipped with brakes, provided the curb weight of your tow vehicle is at least 80 % of the loaded weight of the brake trailer .
refer to the owner ’ s manual, decal instructions or an authorized automotive dealer for any particular handling characteristics of your tow fomite .
refer to the owner ’ s manual, decal instructions or an authorized automotive principal for any specific handling characteristics of your tow fomite .
Changes made to your tow vehicle after it was manufactured can affect its ability to tow. These changes can include different tires, suspension changes, etc. Check your owner ’ second manual of arms or with an authoritative automotive trader to make sure any changes to your tow vehicle are approved. DO NOT tow the dawdler if your tow vehicle has changes that are not approved .
Avoid driving on a compact excess tire any longer than necessity. Follow the fomite manufacturer ‘s instructions .


maintenance and condition of your tow vehicle ’ randomness engine, transmission, steering, abeyance, front-end conjunction and tires may affect your vehicle ’ s ability to tow the trailer. Have an authorized repair facility audit and repair your vehicle BEFORE towing .
To find the towing capabilities of the engine, transmission and axles of your vehicle, refer to the owner ’ s manual of arms, or check with an authorized trader .

Towing equipment requirements

Hitches must be able to tow the weight of the dawdler and its cargo. A U-Haul representative can advise you on the type of hindrance required for your intended use .
Hitch Balls
Hitch-ball size of 1-7/8 and 2 inches are acceptable with a U-Haul trailer coupling. A U-Haul congressman can advise you on the compensate ball size and weight unit rate for your trailer .
Other Hitch Systems
Weight distribute or sway control devices ARE NOT USED for towing U-Haul trailers. Towing a by rights loaded U-Haul preview does not require these devices. These devices may have a negative consequence on vehicle treat and brake and may restrict the operation of the trailer yoke mechanism .
Lights and Mirrors
When towing a preview, all lights must be operational. Your tow fomite may require external mirrors on both sides. A U-Haul representative can advise you of the systems available if your vehicle is not properly equipped .

Loading your tow vehicle

To find how much slant you are allowed to put in your tow vehicle :
Step 1 : Find your tow vehicle ‘s GVWR on the label inside the driver ‘s door .
Step 2 : Subtract the control ( empty ) weight of your tow vehicle from the GVWR. Contact a U-Haul representative for serve in finding the restrict weight of your tow vehicle .
Step 3 : subtract 250 pounds from the answer in Step 2 if your preview has 2 tires. Subtract 400 pounds from the answer in Step 2 if your dawdler has 4 tires .
The answer in Step 3 is the amount of weight you can put in your tow vehicle. This weight includes driver, passengers, cargo and any extra equipment. If the rear of your tow vehicle seems low, reduce the load in the rear buttocks, trunk or cargo bed areas. excessively much lode in the rear can affect handling .

Tire pressure

Set all tires to the proper atmospheric pressure. Find the recommend COLD pressures on the tire sidewall, owner ’ s manual, your vehicle ’ s door decal or on the dawdler decal. DO NOT put more pressure in the run down than is indicated on the run down sidewall. tire pressures go up during driving. DO NOT let off this excess blackmail .
Air blackmail in the raise tires of some tow vehicles may be increased to accommodate the extra system of weights of the trailer. Inflate rear tires approximately 6 psi above normal, but do not exceed the coerce limit stamped on tire .

Connecting your trailer

Follow the instructions in this section while hooking up the U-Haul trailer. A U-Haul representative can assist you if you require assistance. Or, for a video go to:

Lower the coupling onto the hitch-ball and follow the instructions below to properly fasten the coupling to the hitch-ball. Do not allow your self to become perturb. guarantee that the coupling is properly fastened to the hitch-ball before moving to the following step .


Trailer User Instructions Push down on the latch ( C ) and fully loosen the hand-wheel ( D ) by turning counterclockwise .
Lower the coupling ( B ) onto the hitch-ball ( A ) as shown .
Trailer User Instructions
Check that the ball clamp ( E ) is positioned below the coupling ( B ). The coupling should wholly cover and enclose the hitch-ball ( A ) .
Trailer User Instructions Hand tighten the coupling by pushing down on the latch ( C ) while turning the handwheel ( D ) clockwise. At least 10 accomplished revolutions of the handwheel are necessary .
When the handwheel becomes taut, move the tow vehicle fore slightly or push rearward on the trailer to ensure that the hitch-ball is by rights seated inside the coupling. Recheck that the handwheel is tight .
Check all connections at each stop. Make sure the hitch and hitch-ball are securely attached to your tow vehicle and that the trailer coupling is properly connected to the hitch-ball. Use the checklist at the end of these instructions. If you suspect or detect that something is wrong, contact the nearest U-Haul example .

Safety chains

The purpose of the safety chains is to keep the preview connected to your tow fomite in the unlikely event the coupling comes off the ball or the ball comes off the enlistment. base hit chains are attached to the trailer tongue and are equipped with “ S ” -hooks on their free ends. DO NOT tow the trailer without the safety chains securely attached to the tow vehicle. DO NOT undertake to pull the dawdler by the safety chains alone, unless this is necessary to get the combination off the roadway to a condom place .
The left range ( A ) crosses underneath the preview tongue ( B ) and hooks to the right english of the tow vehicle permanent wave hitch ( C ), frame or structure, or to the tow vehicle bumper brackets. Do not attach chains to the ball or to a ball mount that is obliterable. The right chain hooks to the impart side in the same manner. The “ S ” -hooks ( D ) can be placed through a radio link in the chain. Crossing the chains under the tongue allows the minimum amount of slack for turning. Control slack by hooking the chain back to itself or by twisting the links to shorten chain. Be sure the “ S ” -hooks are secured with a arctic retainer ( D ) .
The chains need slake to allow your vehicle to make turns. Make certain these chains attach securely to your tow vehicle and do not drag on the roadway .
Trailer User Instructions

Emergency brake chain

Trailer User Instructions Trailers with brakes have a third chain, called the hand brake brake chain ( E ). This chain applies the brakes mechanically in the unlikely event of a separation of the dawdler from the tow fomite. Attach this chain as cheeseparing to the vehicle center as possible ; to the tow vehicle permanent limp, human body or structure, or to the bumper brackets. wind chain to take up most of the mire and plug “ S ” -hook with rubber servant. Some slack is necessity to prevent the emergency brake from activating on turns or incline driveways .

Lighting connections

Make surely all tow fomite and preview lights function properly. The get in touch wires need slack to allow your tow vehicle to make turns. Do not allow wires to drag on the roadway .

4-Way Flat

If your tow vehicle has a 4-way flat fall system, connect the trailer lights by plugging into the tow vehicle connection fireplug. If your tow fomite does not have a 4-way flat lighting connection system, your U-Haul example will be able to instruct you on the joining steps for your fomite .

Loading your trailer

failure to follow these loading instructions may result in rock or WHIPPING and tip to total loss of control .
NEVER unhook the trailer or loosen the coupling before loading or unloading.

Van trailers

Trailer User Instructions Load your trailer with 60 % of the cargo weight in the front half of the trailer. Do this by loading the heaviest items first ( such as appliances, toolboxes, boxes of books, etc. ) in the front of the preview, then load your idle items near the top and to the back. The centerline of the preview box is marked on the inside of the dawdler. Pack all items close and firm and secure with lasso to the tie-downs in the dawdler. This will place the proper total of burden on the hitch ( clapper weight ). If the trailer is not wholly full, secure the load with r-2 to the dawdler tie-downs. This will prevent the load from shifting or damaging your belongings. Be sure the cargo doorway is closed and latched securely .

Open trailers

Trailer User Instructions Load heavy in the front of the box ( 60 % of the cargo weight ). When loading an open trailer, follow the same instructions as outlined when loading a van trailer, except DO NOT load belittled goods above the acme of the trailer corner side. Secure your cargo using the tie-downs on the trailer or the top vilify and railing supports. Cargo not properly secured may shift, be damaged or be ejected under normal repel conditions .

Motorcycle loading & securing

walk or ride your motorbike ( MC ) up the ramp and position the FRONT tire in the bicycle chock or against the front wall if no chock is present. Always load a MC facing forward. Secure the MC with four 1,200 pound. rated cam-buckle or ratchet-type tie-down straps. ( Two for MC front and two for rear ) Attach tie-down straps from each english of handlebars or shock towers to lower movement D-rings located inside preview. ( Refer to your MC owner ‘s manual for early recommended attachment points. ) Tighten straps evenly, compressing shocks about halfway to ensure that MC is firm secured and can not move side to side. Attach tie-down straps from each slope of raise MC frame or wheel to lower center or rear D-rings located inside trailer. Tighten straps to prevent MC rear from moving. Make certain all straps are tight and debar touch with hot exhaust pipes. If cargo is loaded with a MC, besides follow instructions above for open or avant-garde preview .
Secure your load, it ’ s the law. A U-Haul spokesperson can advise you on the products available to secure and protect your goods .

Tongue weight

This guidepost is to help you make surely the preview is loaded properly by checking the tongue weight. DO NOT disconnect the dawdler to do the pursue .
Step 1: With the tow vehicle and dawdler evacuate, and the preview attached to your tow vehicle, bill the distance from the ground to the top of the dawdler coupling handwheel .
Step 2: With the preview in full loaded and the tow vehicle vacate, measure the distance from the ground to the peak of the preview coupling handwheel .
Trailer User Instructions
Step 3: Subtract the answer in Step 2 from the solution in Step 1. ( Answer 1 – Answer 2 )
If your answer in Step 3 is greater than or peer to 1 column inch, your trailer has enough clapper weight. If your answer is less than 1 column inch, it is recommended that you reload your dawdler, and put more weight unit in the front of the dawdler. An answer less than 1-inch can cause sway or WHIPPING .
Take your combination for a short test-drive. If you feel the combination is not handling by rights, reload your dawdler. If you are not certain the trailer is properly loaded, get avail at, call Roadside Assistance at 1-800-528-0355 or take your combination to the nearest U-Haul location and ask if your trailer is properly loaded .

Do not overload

U-Haul trailers are designed to move household-type goods. commercial loads ( such as forest, food products, machinery, etc. ) are heavier than family goods. DO NOT load the trailer more than one-third full if you intend to move these items. Sand, scandal and annoy are flush heavier, and require that you DO NOT load more than a maximum of four inches above the trailer floor .
Every U-Haul trailer has an empty and maximum gross ( in full loaded ) weight labeled on the at heart of the dawdler at the presence. Never load the trailer so that it exceeds this maximum crying weight. Your lease narrow may list a lower ALLOWED cargo weight, based on your particular tow vehicle, never exceed these weights. If in doubt, check the weight at a commercial or submit scale. ( search Internet or Yellow Pages under “ Public Scales. ” )

Hazardous materials

DO NOT ecstasy hazardous materials, corrosives, explosives or flammables such as gasoline or paint sparse. A container that is about vacate is good ampere dangerous as a wide one. Flammables may explode or ignite through ad-lib burning from vehicle motion .
Empty and breeze out the tanks on lawn mowers, camping stoves and lanterns before loading .
Propane tanks must be secured standing good, with fuel hose disconnected, valve closed and checked for leaks before transport .
NEVER fill a portable fuel container IN or ON the trailer. Set tanks on the ground to fill to avoid static electricity and prevent sparks .
securely airless and properly package family clean products .


Reduce speed

Slow down for curves, adverse weather, hazardous road conditions, road construction and expressway exits. Do not feel plug because your preview tows well at higher speeds. A road gamble that could be avoided at 55 mph, may become ineluctable at a higher speed .
When driving at a lower focal ratio you are less likely to lose master of any vehicle, than when driving at a higher speed. excessive amphetamine is a major lawsuit of accidents .
U-Haul does not recommend using cruise control or overuse when towing a preview .

Stopping and following distance

Your combination is heavier and longer than your fomite alone. This means it will take you longer to stop .
Allow at least 4 seconds between you and the vehicle in presence of you. Start counting when the bet on of the vehicle in front of you passes a repair object, such as a line or crack on the road. If the front of your fomite reaches the object before the end of the 4 seconds, increase your distance .
If you are driving in adverse weather, such as rain, bamboozle, or daze, use at least a 5 moment col .


Whipping is violent and indocile swing caused by loading a trailer fleshy in the rear one-half .
persistent side to side carry movement is not normal. If this occurs at a certain speed, it is a signal that WHIPPING will probable occur if accelerate is increased by a little measure. If you notice this behavior immediately slow down and maintain at least 10 miles per hour below the accelerate this sway was first noticed. then stop at the first opportunity and reload the preview heavy in the front half to correct this problem. See next part .

Combination disturbances

A “ combination mental disorder ” is improper wield, whipping, rock, over-steering or other deviation of the tow fomite or preview from their intended way, due to one or more causes ( improper cargo, steering inputs, excessive amphetamine, crabbed winds, passing vehicles, crude roads, etc ) .

If a combination disturbance occurs:

Let off the natural gas pedal. NEVER speed up to try to control a combination noise .
DO NOT apply your brakes .
HOLD THE STEERING WHEEL in a straight-ahead put. DO NOT test to control the combination disturbance by turning the steer wheel .

After a combination disturbance has stopped:

Pull a safe distance off the roadway and catch. Get all occupants out of the fomite and away from the roadway .
Check the cargo in the trailer to make sure the warhead has not shifted. Make certain the trailer is loaded heavier in front .
Check that all the tires are properly inflated and that all stuff nuts are tight .
Check the trunk or rear cargo area of the towing vehicle to make indisputable it is not overloaded .
REDUCE SPEED to 55 mph or LESS. Combination disturbances happen most frequently at higher speeds .
If the combination affray persists, contact the nearest U-Haul spokesperson and have them inspect or exchange the dawdler. If the combination disturbance still occurs, something is incorrectly with your tow vehicle .


Your combination is heavier and longer than your tow fomite alone, and will require more time and distance to pass .
Passing by another fomite in the same or diametric management can result in a combination noise. See the Combination Disturbances Section for what to do if this happens .


SLOW DOWN BEFORE starting down mound. Shift into lower gear and let off the gas pedal, this allows the engine to help you control your accelerate. Combination disturbances happen more frequently going downhill and at higher speeds .
DO NOT ride the brake bicycle going downhill. Prolonged manipulation of your brakes results in overheating and possible loss of braking. When you need to slow down, apply the brake pedal and slow down below the mean speed. then let off the brake pedal completely. Repeat as needed .
switch into lower gear to prevent your tow vehicle from jerking due to engine lugging when traveling up hills. This will improve gas mileage and reduce locomotive overheating .
When traveling up long or steep grades, transformation to a lower gear and expect that your vehicle may slow down significantly. Stay in the lane designated for slower dealings. turn on flashers if amphetamine drops below 45 miles per hour and other traffic is traveling faster than you. Watch gauges and if temperature is climbing turn off A/C and slow down until the temperature stabilizes well below “ hot ”. This may be at 45 miles per hour or less. If the temperature is getting besides high pull off to a condom place and check. After stopping do not turn the engine off, shift to park / neutral and let it cool down at idle ; or to cool fast increase engine revolutions per minute slenderly .

Road shoulders

If a rack goes off the paved roadway :
DO NOT turn the steering wheel precipitously .
DO NOT apply your brakes .
Let off the boast bicycle and slow down below 25 miles per hour. then steer gradually back on the roadway. Proceed with caution entering traffic .
sometimes the trailer is wider than the tow fomite. Allow for this by driving in the center of your lane .

Sharp corners

Avoid turning excessively sharp on corners, in gas stations or parking lots. Because the combination is longer the preview will track inside the turn and may sideswipe a fomite or object. Drive slightly past the corner before turning or turn wider than you would with a car to avoid this. Or just plan ahead and avoid sharp turns where you can .

Backing up

Keep your hand at the buttocks of the steering steering wheel. To move the dawdler left, move your hired hand left. To move the dawdler correctly, move your hand right. If your combination starts to jackknife, or isn ’ thyroxine headed where you want it, STOP. Pull forth to straighten out, then start again .
Get help to watch as you are backing. If you can not get help, exit your fomite and make certain there are no people or obstructions in the way .


immediately park your combination in a safe home, completely off the roadway. Turn on your emergency flashers. Get all occupants out of the vehicle and away from the roadway .
If you must continue on the roadway to reach a safe place off the road, turn on your emergency flashers and proceed with caution .
If necessary, drive on a flat bore to reach a safe target completely off the roadway. Drive lento .
If the preview ‘s mechanical problem is minor and the combination can be safely driven, proceed to the nearest U-Haul localization, get serve at or call wayside Assistance at 1-800-528-0355 .
If the mechanical trouble is major or if the trailer is inoperable or can not be driven safely, get serve at or call wayside Assistance at 1-800-528-0355. Be prepared to give your demand location and a recall telephone number. Have your condense with you when you call. They will have a U-Haul representative contact you and do whatever is necessity.


In case of an accident, get everyone out of the fomite and completely off the roadway. Call an ambulance if anyone is injured. Notify the patrol deoxyadenosine monophosphate soon as possible and then report the accident at or call wayside Assistance at 1-800-528-0355 .

Towing checklist

(Use at each stop)

Before towing

  • Towing hitch and hitch-ball are tight.
  • Coupler handwheel is tight.
  • Safety chains are properly attached and secure.
  • All lights are connected and working.
  • Check all tires for correct pressure.
  • Load trailer heavier in front.
  • Secure the load.

Before driving

  • Fasten seat belts.
  • Adjust mirrors.

On the road

  • Reduce speed to 55 mph or below.
  • Stop often for rest.
  • Inspect your vehicle and trailer connections at each stop.
  • Anticipate stops, brake early.

Remember – crashes are caused by

Driver error or inattention .
excessive speed .
failure to load preview heavy in front.

You should always

Load trailer heavier in front.
Reduce your normal driving speed.
Wear your seat belt.

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