Are Brake Pads Universal? Sizing Explained

Are Brake Pads Universal? Sizing Explained

Brake pads are not cosmopolitan. There are many different kinds of brake pads offered for different fomite makes, models, shapes, sizes, and use .
Of course, there may be a certain kind of brake pad that fits several unlike kinds of vehicles, but the biggest factor that makes a universal brake pad impossible is the character of car you have and its function .

What are Brake Pads?

brake pads universal A bracken slog is the part of a magnetic disk brake that that sits between the brake caliper and brake rotor. When the brake pedal is depressed, the caliper squeezes the brake pad compressed against the rotor of the fomite, making it stop.

Brakes pads have friction material on their surface, and the pad itself is designed to convert the rotational kinetic energy of the spinning rotor into thermal energy, therefore stopping the vehicle. by and large speaking, the greater the brake pad ’ s ability to do this, the better the vehicle will stop. Most vehicles have two brake pads per phonograph record brake .
In accession to the brake pads ’ ability to disburse heat and clamp down on the rotor, other factors aid in stopping a big vehicle, even if the bracken pad itself is made of quality material .

What Makes Them Different?

There are so many different kinds of vehicles on the road today that it can be hard to find just a few things in common between them. not only their form and how they are designed, but their size and purpose all affect what kind of brake pads are the best choice for an individual fomite .
Five main factors will affect what kind of brake pads you should use .


size is the most common factor that determines what kind of brake pads need to be used .
“ Sizing ” is all encompassing and considers wheel size, brake rotor, size of the vehicle, and considers front and buttocks rotors .
Wheel size varies well depending on the type of vehicle. many luxury and operation vehicles have large wheels and frankincense can fit larger brakes which then require larger bracken pads. Larger vehicles normally have larger wheels, even though this is not constantly the font .
The second factor that affects size is the brake rotor. The larger the bicycle of a vehicle, the larger the brake rotor can be. Again, just because a vehicle ’ south wheel allows a large brake rotor to be fitted does not mean that the vehicle ’ s brake rotor will be arsenic big as possible .
A well model of this is a typical syndicate sedan. recent trends have caused breed wheel sizes to increase across the segment, specially in top-of-the-line spare levels. even though larger wheels may be fitted to this kind of vehicle for styling purposes, a vehicle like a Toyota Camry or Honda Accord will most likely be used as a commuter vehicle. As a solution, the largest possible brake rotors do not need to be fitted to the car because they are not needed .
The third size-related component is the size of the vehicle. Vehicles like pickup trucks are larger and heavier than most cars and vans ; consequently, it is more probable that they will have larger brake pads to help stop the supernumerary weight more efficiently. It is the lapp with large cars and vans compared to compact cars .
The death size-related divisor is whether the brake pads are for the movement rotors or the rise. The majority of vehicles have larger front brakes than rear brakes. When slowing down, a fomite ’ south weight shifts toward the front of the fomite through momentum. As a result, the front brakes need to work harder than the rears, making the front braking forum larger and the force required to stop the vehicle greater .

Brake Pad Shape

Brake pads can be shaped in several different ways depending on the vehicle ’ second practice. They can be shaped alike to an elongated half encircle to conform to the brake rotor assembly, they can be squared, or they can be shaped like an elongated hexagon .
additionally, many brake pads include grooves or channels cut through the center to mitigate randomness, heat, and gasses when in contact with the rotor. Regardless of their overall form, most brake pads besides include chamfers. Chamfers are angled cutouts on either slope or edge of the pad .
latitude chamfers are cuts in the bracken pad that are vertically aligned relative to the diggings. This means that if you hold the pad straight up and toss off, the bevel cuts would be perpendicular to the reason .
Two types of parallel chamfers are basic and J-Scoop. The basic cut is a gradual cut in which the pad becomes increasingly thin toward each end. These are chiefly used for sound-deadening. A J-scoop parallel furrow is a deep, vertical cut on each end of the embroider and is used chiefly to prevent wear .
radial Chamfers are those that are aligned relative to the curvature of the slog. This means that if a diggings is curved to fit the rotor forum, each bevel will conform to the angle at each end of the launching pad. Both basic and J-scoop radial chambers are available and serve the lapp purposes as parallel bevel types .
compound chamfers are a hybrid between a parallel and radial bevel. They are feature two angled cuts on each end of the launching pad and are primarily used for the maximum measure of rotor-to-pad contact .
V-chamfers can work with any aforesaid bevel type as they feature a v-shaped cutout in the center of the pad. They are used primarily to reduce vibrations within the pad, and consequently, brake noise .


As with any other merchandise, brake pads are made by numerous manufacturers, most of whom besides make other braking components .
Though materials may by and large be the like, each manufacturer will have their own methods, commercialize, and possibly their own limited rule for the materials they put in their individual products. Some of the most common brands include Brembo, Bosch, Wagner, and ACDelco .

Pad Material

Brake pads are made with several types of materials. The three main types of bracken diggings materials are organic, semi-metallic, and ceramic .


organic brake pads organic bracken pads are the softest, cheap, and least durable of the three. Because of this, they are much found in road-going cars that are not meant to be anything else .
They besides do not have as big of an impact on the brake rotor as early types, but they do produce the most brake dust, which can cause other issues when not removed from wheels and other components .
organic brake pads are besides called non-metallic brake pads because they do not use metallic compounds in their makeup .


metallic brakes Semi-Metallic brake pads are a good “ middle ground ” brake diggings because even though they are more expensive than organic pads, they besides last longer and have greater stopping power .
These types of pads do contain metallic compounds within their makeup which grip the rotors but besides wear them out agile. These have become more coarse in mod vehicles as they have become heavier with safety and technology features .


ceramic brakes Ceramic brake pads are the most expensive type and are chiefly used in high-performance vehicles. Because of the use of mud within their makeup and their victor heating system absorption qualities, these types of brake pads leave little to no fade, even at the highest temperatures .
Ceramic pads are normally only necessary on racing and traverse cars where extreme conditions exist .

Vehicle Purpose

The stopping point thing that dictates the type of brake pads one might decide to use is the purpose of the vehicle on which the brake pads are fitted. This could include any combination of factors listed above as all have benefits and drawbacks .
additionally, these will vary based on the kind of vehicle you buy. even two competing vehicles in the lapp vehicle class may have different brake sizes that require a certain determine and intensify .
When replacing or upgrading brake pads, one should always consider the type of vehicle being equipped, the most coarse character of drive, and the hope results of the brake system .

What are the Best Brake pads?

The best brake pads for any given individual will vary depending on their needs. Individuals who need cheap brake pads should choose organic pads .
Those who can spend more money but still want a hushed riding experience may opt for organic pads or semi-metallic pats with a parallel bevel.

Final Thoughts

Brake pads come in different sizes, shapes, and materials depending on respective factors. The size and purpose of each vehicle will much dictate what kinds of brake pads are used, but personal factors such as unlike desired braking characteristics from stock will besides affect the choose upgrades .
The best bracken pads for you will besides vary depending on your wants and needs. Though most people may never consciously choose sealed brake pads, even when it comes time to replace them, you can be prepared to make a better decision should you ever want to do so .

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Category : Car Brakes