Florida Driver Handbook

Florida Driver Handbook

Florida Driver Handbook: Traffic Signs

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9. Signals, Signs and Pavement Markings

Shapes and Colors

There are ten-spot colors and nine shapes of traffic signs. Each condition and each tinge has an demand mean, so you must acquaint yourself with all of them .
Green : Guide, directing information.

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Red : Stop, do not enter or improper direction .
Blue : motorist services guidance. It is besides used to identify park spaces for disable drivers .
Orange : construction and care warn .
Brown : public diversion areas and steering to areas of cultural and historical significance .
Yellow : cosmopolitan warning and advisory of unexpected roadway conditions .
White : regulative .
Black : regulative .
Fluorescent Yellow Green : high emphasis warn of school, pedestrian, and bicycling activeness .
The human body of a road sign can tell you arsenic much about the sign ‘s message as its color .
Octagon Octagon
Exclusively for break signs .
Horizontal Rectangle Horizontal Rectangle
Generally for guide signs .
Triangle Triangle
Exclusively for yield signs .
Pennant Pennant
Advance admonition of no pass zones .
Diamond Diamond
entirely to warn of existing or potential hazards on roadways or adjacent areas .
Vertical Rectangle Vertical Rectangle
Generally for regulative signs .
Pentagon Pentagon
School promote and school crossing signs .
Round Round
Railroad overture admonition signs .
Crossbuck Crossbuck
Railroad hybridization .
Octagon Octagon : Stop Signs are constantly octangular ( 8 sided ). A break signal means that you must bring your fomite to a complete halt at the punctuate hold on channel. If there is no score stop consonant telephone line, diaphragm before entering the crossing on the approach side of the intersection. If there is no crossing, stop at a point nearest the intersect roadway where you have a clear horizon of approaching traffic on the intersecting roadway before entering the intersection .
4-Way Stop sign A 4-Way Stop sign means that there are four stop signs at this intersection. traffic from all four directions must stop. The first vehicle to reach the intersection should move forward first gear. If two vehicles reach the intersection at the lapp fourth dimension, the driver on the exit yields to the driver on the correct .
Triangle: Yield Triangle: Yield
Slow down and give vehicles crossing your path the rightofway. If the way is clear, you may move forward slowly without stopping. yield signs are normally placed where aide roads lead into major roads .
Pennant: No Passing Pennant: No Passing
You are entering a no pass zone. This sign is placed on the entrust side of the road, facing the driver .
Diamond: Warning Diamond: Warning
Narrow bridge. These signs warn you of particular conditions or dangers ahead. Words or symbols on the sign will show why you need to use caution .
Pentagon: School Sign Pentagon: School Sign
This five-sided bless means you are near a school. Watch for children .
School Crossing School Crossing
As you approach this sign, slow down and watch for children crossing the road. Stop if necessity. Obey signals from any intersection guards .
Begin School Zone Begin School Zone
Do not exceed the educate zone amphetamine terminus ad quem during indicate times. watch for children !
Begin School Zone
Do not exceed the school zone rush limit when flash. Watch for children !
End School Zone
This signal marks the goal of a reduce school focal ratio zone .

9.5.1 Warning Signs

here are some common admonition signs. These signs give you advance notification of potential hazards ahead. drive with caution .
Slippery When Wet Slippery When Wet
In wet weather, driveway slowly. Do not speed up or brake cursorily. Make acuate turns at a very decelerate focal ratio .
Divided Highway Ahead Divided Highway Ahead
The highway ahead is divided into two one-way roadways. Keep to the right .
Divided Highway Ends Divided Highway Ends
The divided highway on which you are traveling ends 350 to 500 feet ahead. You will then be on a roadway with bipartisan traffic. Keep to the proper .
Low Clearance Low Clearance
Do not enter if your vehicle is taller than the altitude listed on the sign .
Bicycle Crossing Bicycle Crossing
This sign of the zodiac warns you in advance that a bikeway crosses the roadway ahead .
Merging Traffic Merging Traffic
You are coming to a point where another traffic lane joins the one you are on. Watch for other dealings and be ready to yield the right-of-way when necessary .
Pedestrian Crossing Pedestrian Crossing
Watch for people crossing the street. Slow down or stop if necessary .
Narrow Bridge
The bridge is wide-eyed adequate to accommodate two lanes of traffic, but with very short clearance .
Dip Dip
There is a low topographic point in the road. Go slowly and be quick to stop if the dip is filled with urine .
Soft Shoulder Soft Shoulder
The dirt on the side of the road is indulgent. Do n’t leave the sidewalk except in an hand brake .
One Lane Bridge One Lane Bridge
The bridge is broad enough for only one vehicle at a fourth dimension. Make sure the bridge is clean of oncoming traffic before you cross .
Pavement Ends Pavement Ends
The road surface ahead changes from a hard-surfaced sidewalk to a lowtype open or ground road .
Right Curve Right Curve
Slow your focal ratio and keep well to the leftover. The road willcurve to the right .
Double Curve Double Curve
The road will curve to the right, then to the leave. Slow your focal ratio, keep to the right, and do not pass .
Winding Road Winding Road
There are several curves ahead. Drive lento and cautiously .
Truck Crossing Truck Crossing
Watch for trucks entering or crossing the highway .
Cross Road Cross Road
A road crosses the main highway ahead. Look to the forget and correctly for other traffic .
Side Road Side Road
Another road enters the highway from the focus shown. Watch for traffic from that steering .
Sharp Right Turn Sharp Right Turn
The road will make a sharp turn to the right. Slow your speed, keep to the right, and do not pass other vehicles .
Reduction of Lanes Reduction of Lanes
There will be fewer lanes ahead. Traffic must merge leave. Drivers in the forget lane should allow others to merge smoothly. Right lane ends .
Advisory Speed Sign Advisory Speed Sign
The highest dependable accelerate you should travel around the arch ahead is 25 miles per hour. Advisory speed signs may be used with any diamond-shaped warning sign of the zodiac .
Hill/Downgrade Hill/Downgrade
Slow down and be ready to shift to lower gear to control speed and save brakes .
Yield Ahead Yield Ahead
This signboard warns of a yield sign ahead. Slow down and be prepared to stop at output sign or adjust speed to dealings .
Traffic Signal Ahead Traffic Signal Ahead
This augury warns of traffic signals at the intersection ahead. Slow down ; poor visibility is likely .
Stop Sign Ahead Stop Sign Ahead
When you come to this sign, slow down to be ready to stop at the stop sign .
Two-Way Traffic Ahead
The one-way street or roadway ahead ends. You will then be facing oncoming traffic .
Animal Crossing Animal Crossing
The animal pictured on the sign is common in this area : watch for this species crossing the road particularly during twilight and night- time hours.

Roundabout Circle
Warning sign that provides an advance notification of a traffic circle .
Speed Reduction Sign
Warning gestural that provides overture notice to upcoming speed limit exchange .

9.5.2 – Rectangle: Regulatory Information

These signs tell you the law, so you must follow their instructions .
No Sign Remember that a bolshevik circle with a flog means NO. The augury shows you what is not allowed .
No U-Turn NO U-TURN – You can not make a complete twist to go in the opposite commission where this signboard is displayed. No U-turn .
No Right Turn You must not make a right turn at this overlap .
Speed Limit 50 50 miles per hour is the highest travel rapidly you can safely travel in this sphere .
Speeding Fines Doubled Speeding Fines Doubled. This is a Florida Standard sign that applies to both active school and ferment zones .
No Straight You can not go straight ahead. You must turn either to the right or left .
Wrong Way You are going the improper way on an expressway exit ramp. Do not drive past this sign. Turn around immediately .
Divided Highway A separate highway is ahead. Stay on the right side of the divider .
Disabled Parking Parking in this outer space is only for vehicles displaying an official permit and transporting a disabled person .
One Way You may travel only in the management of the arrow .
Exit 30 MPH This sign lists the maximal recommended safe speed for an entrance or exit on an expressway. Slow down to whatever focal ratio is shown .
No Turn on Red You may not turn right or left during the red light. You must wait for the sign to turn park .
Restricted Lane Ahead A diamond-shaped distinguish shows that a lane is reserved for certain purposes or certain vehicles. The lanes are normally reserved for buses or car-pool vehicles during rush hour traffic .
Center Lane Turning Only The center lane is shared for leave turns in both directions of travel .
Pass with Care When you have passed this sign, you are again permitted to pass other vehicles with care .
Left Lane Must Turn Left Traffic in left field lane must turn left at the intersection ahead .
Emergency Stopping Only Stopping permitted only for emergencies .
Turn Lanes At the intersection ahead dealings in left lane must turn leave and traffic in adjoining lane may turn left or continue straight ahead .
Slower Traffic Keep Right This signal is used on multiple lane highways to advise slower driving traffic to stay in the mighty hand lane and besides to do so when approached from behind by other traffic even if you are doing the amphetamine limit .
No Turns You must not turn either to the correct or to the left at this intersection .
No Parking on Pavement If you park, you must constantly park off the paving of the highway .
Right Turn - Yield to Bikes When entering a right turn lane motorists may conflict with bicyclists traveling uncoiled. Always give way .
511 Travel Info The Florida Department of Transportation ‘s 511 Traffic Information Service provides bilingual ( english and spanish ) real-time dealings information, including locomotion times, crashes, lane closures, dangerous weather, construction and hand brake evacuation information on all Florida interstate highways, many metropolitan roadways and Florida ‘s Turnpike. The service operates 24 hours a day on the phone by dialing 511, or on the Web at www.FL511.com. The 511 servicing is available from cell phones and landlines ; however, standard cell phone minutes may apply .

9.5.3 – Railroad Crossing Signs and Signals

There are several signs, signals and paving markings that indicate highway-railroad crossings. When you see one of them, slow down and be ready to stop .
Remember : Trains can not stop promptly. An average freight caravan traveling at 30 MPH needs a break distance of more than half a nautical mile. Longer trains moving at faster speeds can take one and a half miles or more to stop. Any pedestrian or person driving a vehicle and approaching a railroad-highway grade cross must stop 50 feet, but not less than 15 feet from the nearest train of the railroad when the electric or mechanical admonitory devices are flashing, the intersection gate is lowered, a human flagger is warning of an approach aim, or an approach train is clearly visible and is in cheeseparing proximity to the railroad-highway grade thwart. Do not proceed until you can do sol safely .
Pavement Marking Pavement Marking
Pavement markings, consisting of an RXR followed by a period tune close to the tracks, may be painted on the pave approach to a crossing .
Advance Warning Sign Advance Warning Sign
The improvement warning sign is normally the first gestural you see when approaching a highway-rail intersection. The boost warning sign of the zodiac advises you to slow down, count and listen for a train, and be prepared to stop if a train is approaching .
Crossbuck Sign Crossbuck Sign
Crossbuck signs are found at highway-rail intersections. They are give way signs. You are legally required to yield the right of direction to trains. Slow down, look and listen for a coach, and stop if a train approaches. Railroad crossbuck signs are found at most crossings. If there is more than one cut, the sign below the crossbuck will show the number of tracks at the crossing .
Flashing Red Light Signals Flashing Red Light Signals
At many highway-rail crossings, the crossbuck sign has flashing red lights and bells. When the lights begin to flash, stop ! A coach is approaching .


If there is more than one track, make sure all tracks are clear before crossing. Do not move forward until you can do so safely. In grave traffic make sure there is room for your vehicle on the other side before starting to cross .
Gates Gates
Many crossings have gates with flashing red lights and bells. Stop when the lights begin to flash and before the gate lowers across your road lane. If the gates are depressed, the road is closed. It is against the law to drive around or under a crossing gate, either down or being opened or closed. Do not move forward until the gates are raised and the lights stop flash as there may be a caravan approaching on an adjacent lead .
Always approach highway-railroad crossings at a fair accelerate and be prepared to stop if you have to. Be specially alarm when you are following buses or trucks, which may have to stop at highway-railroad crossings even when gates are up and the admonition lights are not flashing. If your car stalls on the tracks do n’t hesitate. Get yourself and your passengers out and away from the car immediately. If a collision is at hand, the safest direction is toward the coach but stay off the tracks. That way you will be least probably to be hit by your vehicle or any debris from the collision .

9.5.4 – Drawbridge Signs and Signals

Drawbridge Drawbridges are mechanical bridges over navigable waters that raise or turn to allow marine traffic to go under them. When they begin to move the roadway is closed to all traffic. Always use caution when drive or walk over a drawbridge .

Drawbridge Signal

These should be treated merely like a regular traffic see signal .
Drawbridge Signal Red
Come to a dispatch stop at the mark stop wrinkle. The bridge is in operation and the roadway is closed to all pedestrian and motor fomite traffic .
Stop if you can safely do then. The bridge is barely about to start operation. If you are not able to stop, continue with caution and watch for the traffic gates .
Go – watch out for pedestrians and other vehicles on the bridge .
Flashing Yellow Light Signal
This is the first signboard you see when approaching a drawbridge. This sign advises you to slow down and look for the DRAWBRIDGE SIGNAL. If the scandalmongering light is flashing to indicate the drawbridge is in operation and the DRAWBRIDGE SIGNAL is crimson, prepare to stop .
many drawbridges have gates with flashing red lights and bells. Stop when the lights begin to flash and before the gate lowers across your road lane. If the gates are down, the road is closed. It is against the law to drive around or under a crossing gate, either down or being opened or closed. Do not move ahead until the gates are raised and the lights stop flash .

9.5.5 – Construction and Maintenance Traffic Control Signs

diverse dealings control devices are used in road construction and alimony work areas to direct drivers and pedestrians safely through the sour locate and to provide for the base hit of highway workers .
Be prepared to reduce your amphetamine and use caution when directed to do so by a sign, flagger and/or police military officer .
construction and alimony signs are used to notify drivers of unusual or potentially dangerous conditions in or near work areas. Most signs used in highway and street work areas are ball field shaped .
Channeling Devices
Barricades, upright panels, drums, and cones are the most normally use devices to alert drivers of unusual or potentially dangerous conditions in highway and street bring zones. These devices are used to guide the drivers safely through the sour area, and at night, they may be equipped with warning lights. When a Road Closed signboard is displayed, do not drive on this road. Look for a detour or another path. Stripes on barricades and panel devices slope down in the guidance dealings must travel .
Flashing Arrow Panels Flashing Arrow Panels
Flashing arrow panels are used both during the day and at night to give promote warn and directing data to drivers, where it is necessary to move to the right or to the left into another lane .
A horizontal flash bar indicates a admonition – use circumspection approaching the work area .
Flaggers Flaggers
Flaggers are frequently provided in highway and street work zones to stop slowly, or template traffic safely through the area .
Flaggers wear orange vests or jackets and use loss flags or stop/slow panels to target traffic through work zones .

9.5.6 – Special Signs

Slow Moving Vehicle
Vehicles going less than 25 miles per hour ( such as grow equipment ) must display this sign on the rear when using public highways .
Green Guide Signs Green Guide Signs
Green and white signs give information about directions and distances. Guide signs on expressways show you which lanes to use to get where you want to go. Routes that run by and large East-West have even numbers and those running North-South have odd numbers .
Blue and White Service Signs Blue and White Service Signs
Blue and white signs direct you to services, such as gas, food, motels and hospitals .
Brown and White Signs Brown and White Signs
Brown and white signs charge out scenic areas and parks.

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