Section 7: Brakes, braking systems, mufflers, horns, lights, audible warning systems, and other equipment; compliance with safety standards; stickers and emblems
segment 7. Every motor fomite operated in or upon any way shall be provided with brakes adequate to control the bowel movement of such fomite and conforming to rules and regulations made by the registrar, and such brakes shall at all times be maintained in effective working order. every car shall be provided with at least two braking systems, one of which shall be the military service brake arrangement, and the other shall be the parking brake system, each with a disjoined means of application, each operate directly or indirectly on at least two wheels and each of which shall suffice alone to stop said car within a proper distance as defined in said rules and regulations ; provided, that if such systems are connected, combined or have any contribution in coarse, such systems shall be then construct that a unwrap of any one chemical element thereof will not leave the car without brakes acting directly or indirectly on at least two wheels ; and provided, far, that a tractor having a draw-bar pull rate of ten sawhorse power or less and adequate to of a maximum speed of not more than eighteen miles an hour and designed specially for habit elsewhere than on the travel part of ways may be operated thereon if equipped with a single brake organization which shall suffice to stop such tractor within a proper distance as aforesaid. Every car equipped with an hydraulic brake system whether or not assisted by early means, which provides braking action on four or more wheels, shall be equipped with a service brake system so dress as to provide separate systems for at least two wheels and so designed and constructed that rupture or leakage-type failure of any single pressure part of the avail brake system, except structural failures of the brake overlord cylinder body, effectiveness index body, or other house common to the separate system, will not result in arrant loss of function of the vehicle brakes when wedge on the bracken pedal is continued. ”Pressure component ” means any home part of the brake victor cylinder or overcome restraint unit, wheel brake cylinder, brake line, brake hose, or equivalent, except vacuum assist components. Except in the case of a school bus topology or fire apparatus, every motor vehicle and every tractor which is designed and used for drawing another vehicle, having an unladen weight of more than ten thousand pounds, shall be equipped with full moon air brakes or hydraulic brakes with vacuum world power assist or air out exponent assist. All braking systems shall be constructed and designed so as to permit modulate control of brake lotion and release by the operator from the convention manoeuver situation. Every trailer or semi-trailer having an unladen weight of more than ten thousand pounds shall be equipped with air or electric brakes. One brake arrangement shall be so construct that it can be set to hold the car stationary. Each motorcycle shall have either a split service brake system or two independently actuated serve brake systems. Any motorcycle which has a number or registration plate issued under the provisions of section six A of said chapter ninety or which was not manufactured with either a split avail brake system or two independently actuated service brake systems, shall be required to have one brake system adequate to stop said motorbike within a proper distance, as defined in rules and regulations made by the registrar. Every car used on a room by a person in giving driving instruction for compensation shall be equipped with double brake controls whereby he may apply the brake while the schoolchild is driving. Every centrifugal fomite so manoeuver shall be provided with a muffler or other desirable device to prevent unnecessary noise and with a suitable bell, horn or other means of signalling, with desirable lamps, and with a lock, samara or other device to prevent such vehicle from being set in gesticulate by unauthorized persons, or otherwise contrary to the will of the owner or person in charge thence. Every car operated during the time period from one half an hour after sunset to one half an hour before sunrise, and during any other time period when visibility is reduced by atmospheric conditions so as to render dangerous further mathematical process without lights being displayed, shall display at least two alight white headlamps with at least one mounted at each side of the front of the vehicle or if parked within the limits of a means at least one white or amber light on the side of the car nearer the focus on of the way, and every motorbike indeed operated at least one white headlight and every such motorcycle with a sidecar attached, in addition, one such light on the presence of the sidecar, and every motive truck, dawdler and commercial centrifugal vehicle used entirely as such, having a carrying capacitance of three tons or over, in addition, an amber light attached to the extreme leftover of the front of such vehicle, indeed bind and adjusted as to indicate the extreme left lateral extension of the fomite or lode, which shall in all cases aforesaid be visible not less than two hundred feet in the direction toward which the vehicle is proceeding or facing ; provided, that an automobile motivation display no light up when parked within the limits of a way in a distance in which lightless parking is permitted by the rules or regulations of the board or military officer having control of such way. Every motor vehicle and preview sol engage shall be equipped with two rear lights mounted one at each side of the rear of the vehicle sol as to show two red lights from behind and a white inner light indeed arranged as to illuminate and not obscure the rear number plate and shall be equipped with two blockage lights mounted and displayed in a like manner of a type complying with minimum standards for construction and performance as the registrar may prescribe ; provided, however, that a two-wheel motorcycle, an old-timer motor car and a farm tractor need be equipped with only one such rear red light and one suitable stop light in summation to the number plate illuminator ; and provided, foster, that a dawdler having a megascopic system of weights of three thousand pounds or less which does not obscure the want lights of the tow vehicle need be equipped with merely one such rear loss clean and one white light so arranged as to illuminate and not obscure the rear number plate. No motive vehicle then operate shall mount or display a flashing, rotating or oscillating light in any management except pursuant to section seven E of this chapter ; provided, however, that this shall not apply to the use of back directional signals nor to the proper use of vehicle luck warning signals as provided for by this section. In no event, however, shall the registrar forbid any commercial car parts dealer, motive vehicle repair denounce or post from selling, offering for sale or installing quartz-halogen headlamps which receive a certificate of approval from the American Association of Motor Vehicles Administrators or which meet the standards of the Canadian Standard Association ( CSA ) nor shall any provision of this section prohibit any person from using, purchasing or installing a quartz-halogen headlight as herein described. Every motor vehicle or dawdler so operated which carries a load or object extending four feet or more beyond the cab or soundbox of such vehicle shall display at the extreme rear end of such load or object a red light plainly visible from a outdistance of at least five hundred feet to the sides and rear, and shall display in put thence a red flag or cloth not less than twelve inches square during the period when motive vehicles are not required to display lights. Every commercial motor vehicle or preview weigh, with its load, more than twelve thousand pounds, shall, in addition to such rise light, be equipped with a loss reflecting telescope of a type complying with such minimum standards for construction and performance as the registrar may prescribe, then placed at the rear of such vehicle as to reflect rays of light thrown upon such reflector from behind. No headlight or buttocks lamp shall be used on any motor vehicle so operate unless such headlight or raise lamp is of a type complying with such minimum standards for construction and operation as the registrar may prescribe. Every centrifugal vehicle shall be equipped with at least one mirror so place and adjusted as to afford the operator a pass, chew over view of the highway to the rear and left side of the vehicle. Every motor fomite or trailer, excepting passenger motor vehicles, operated in or upon any way shall be equipped with suitable guards which will efficaciously reduce the spray or splash to the back of mud, water system or slush caused by the rear wheels thereof. Every passenger motor vehicle which is equipped with tires which extend beyond the fenders or body of such fomite and which is operated in or upon any direction shall be equipped with flaps or suitable guards to reduce such spray or splash to the rear and sides. Every motor vehicle registered in the commonwealth which is privately owned and operated and designed for the carriage of passengers and which is used chiefly for pleasure or for pleasure and clientele, including every such vehicle furnished for hire by a rental car means but excluding every such vehicle used for public or commercial purposes, shall be equipped with two seat condom belts for the use of occupants of the presence seats. No guard belt installed in a motor fomite in accordance with the provisions of this section or in accord with the provisions of federal law or the rules or regulations issued by the United States Department of Transportation, shall be removed from said motive vehicle except for the aim of repairs. Every drive vehicle registered in the state shall be equipped with a device to permit the front and back directing signals to flash simultaneously, said device to be operated only when the vehicle is disabled or stopped in the event of emergency on or at the side of any way. Every person operating a motorbike or ride as a passenger on a motorbike or in a sidecar attached to a motorbike shall wear protective question gear conforming with such minimum standards of construction and operation as the registrar may prescribe, and no person operating a motorcycle shall permit any other person to ride as a passenger on such motorbike or in a sidecar attached to such motorbike unless such passenger is wearing such protective head gear, except that no protective head gear shall be required if the motorcyclist is participating in a by rights permitted public parade and is 18 years of age or older. If a motorcycle is not equipped with a windshield or screen, the operator of such motorcycle shall wear eye glasses, goggles or a protective boldness shield when operating such vehicle. Every motor fomite truck with shit bodies shall be equipped with an adequate audible warn system to alert the operator when the dump body is in an upright and raise side. No person operating a motorbike shall permit any person to ride as a passenger, unless such motorcycle is designed to carry more than one person ; and no person operating a motorcycle shall permit a passenger to ride in front of said operator.
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Every commercial motor vehicle, or trailer weigh, with its load, more than twelve thousand pounds, and used to deliver gasoline or other flammable material, shall be equipped with an audible warn system when the fomite ‘s transmission is in reverse. For the purpose of this paragraph, the terminus commercial motive vehicle or trailer shall mean a bulk tank carrier delivering gasoline or other flammable corporeal .
Every trailer, except a semi-trailer, shall, in addition to a unconstipated hindrance, be fastened by guard chains to prevent it from breaking away from the towing vehicle. such chains shall comply with such minimum standards for construction and performance as the registrar may prescribe.
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Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this section, any commercial motor vehicle, semi-trailer or trailer, used in interstate commerce, which shall conform as to its equipment with the regulations established from time to fourth dimension by the agency of motive carrier condom of the United States department of exile, shall be deemed to conform to the requirements of this part.
No person shall sell, crack for sale or install on, or in, any drive vehicle or trailer, any part, device or means, other than quartz-halogen lights, which does not comply with the federal motive vehicle condom standard, if any, established for such part, device or substance. nothing in this act shall prevent the registrar from prescribing minimum standards for any component, device, or message for which no union centrifugal fomite condom standard is or has been established and no person shall sell, offer for sale or install on, or in, any drive vehicle or trailer, any such component, device or substance which does not comply with the said standards so order .
Any tractor or other self propelled vehicle used entirely for agricultural or farming purposes, excepting automobiles and trucks, the practice of which is declared by the owner or person in control condition thence to be restricted to the period from a half hour before sunrise to a half hour after sunset, and which is operated in or upon any way during said period shall be equipped with one stop light or a flash loss clean to the rear and with brakes as manufacture, including a stationary bracken with ratchet and pawl. Upon resolution by the owner or person in control of such fomite that the use of such vehicle is to be sol restrict, the person making the periodic inspection of motive vehicles and trailers, as provided under section seven A, may, notwithstanding the failure of such restricted tractor or other vehicle to have the necessary lights and other equipment required by the beginning paragraph of this section, issue a windshield gummed label, so called, if the stop light or such flash light and brakes are in full order. Any windshield dagger so publish shall state thereon that such vehicle is to be used upon the ways of the commonwealth lone during the period from a half hour before dawn to a half hour after sunset .
The registrar shall adopt standards and specifications for size, design, climb, initiation and use of a classifiable slow moving vehicle emblem. Every horse-drawn vehicle and every other vehicle designed to operate at twenty-five miles an hour or less, every enforce of farming, every farm tractor, each piece of limited mobile equipment and other machinery, including all road structure and alimony machinery and every low-speed motive vehicle, traveling on a public way during day or night shall display on the rise of the fomite such emblem. The use of such emblem shall be in addition to any fall devices, flags or other equipment required by jurisprudence. Use of such emblem as a clearance marker or on wide machinery or on stationary objects on the highways is prohibited .