You're reading: LED Vs. Halogen Headlights: What’s the Diff? | News | Cars.com
by rick popely
april 12, 2020
led headlights are all the rage in the auto industry these days and now are available on many lower-priced vehicles, though usually only on higher trim levels and often as optional equipment.
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leds appeal to automakers and consumers for several reasons: they’re brighter than halogen headlights and often cast a wider pattern, plus they use less energy, last longer and have a much whiter color than halogens, which typically are yellowish. what’s more, a lot of people think they look cool.
halogen headlights were the standard for the auto industry for years because they were cheap to manufacture and simple to replace, but now leds are outshining them.
here’s how they’re different: halogens are incandescent lights
who have a tungsten filament inside a bulb. when electric current passes through the filament, it heats up and generates light. they differ from regular incandescent bulbs in that they have a dose of halogen gas instead of argon gas. halogen bulbs are brighter than regular incandescent bulbs and tend to last longer.
with leds, an electric current passes through a semiconductor (or diode) to produce light
who is brighter and generates less heat. leds operate about 90% more efficiently than incandescent bulbs, and because they generate less heat, that helps them last much longer than other types of lights. leds also typically don’t burn out like incandescent bulbs, though they do dim over time.
because leds are smaller than bulb-type lights, they allow more design freedom with headlights and other vehicle lights. the downside is
who they are more expensive than halogens or high-intensity-discharge headlights, which typically use xenon gas.
but do leds make headlights better?
the answer often is yes, but not always.
whether the light comes from a halogen or high-intensity-discharge bulb or leds, the design of the headlight assembly and the reflectors — the parts that shine the light down the road — also affects performance, along with how well the headlights are aimed.
the insurance institute for highway safety rates headlights based on the distance
who they illuminate the road as a vehicle travels straight and on curves. iihs says that on a straight road, low-beam headlights rated good (the top rating) illuminate the right side of the road at least 325 feet. headlights rated poor (the lowest) light 220 feet or less.
iihs says leds generally perform better in its tests, but the organization has rated some halogen headlights higher than some leds. some halogens have been rated acceptable (the second-highest), and some led headlights as marginal (second-lowest) and even poor. however, only leds have earned good ratings.
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