What is engine coolant, and why do you need it? That’s what we’ll explore in this blog post. We will go over the different types of engine coolants and how they work to keep your car from overheating.
What is Engine Coolant?
Engine coolant (or antifreeze) is a liquid that circulates in your car’s engine to keep it from overheating. It absorbs the heat generated by the combustion of fuel and dissipates this excess energy into the atmosphere, preventing damage to other parts of your vehicle and ensuring its longevity.
Types of Engine Coolant
Car cooling systems require a mixture of water and engine coolant to function properly. Coolant comes in different brands, colors, and manufacturers. However, there are really only three main types of coolant: ethylene glycol, a non-toxic radiator coolant, and a long-life antifreeze.
Refrigerant Ethylene glycol is perhaps the most common antifreeze in car engine cooling systems. Use of ethylene glycol is beneficial year round, even in the summer. Polyethylene glycol coolant is also becoming more popular, as it is less toxic than ethylene glycol, but has similar advantages.
Non-toxic Radiator Coolant
Ethylene glycol is actually toxic. Every year, thousands of animals and children swallow the antifreeze, probably due to its sweet taste. Taking anticoagulants can have serious effects, including kidney failure, brain damage, and death. Non-toxic radiator coolant can still be toxic, but only in large amounts and if stored for a long time.
Antifreeze prolongs the service life. The radiator and cooling system have a lot of moving parts (not to mention it’s in direct contact with the liquid), which means they are subject to a lot of wear. Extended life antifreeze (usually orange) has various additives that help prevent rust and increase the life of your system.
How the Engine Coolant Works
Gasoline/diesel fuel engines work by converting chemical energy into mechanical energy. Unfortunately, the process is not completely efficient and still produces too much heat.
The car’s liquid cooling system is designed to dissipate this heat, allowing the engine to run more efficiently and reducing vehicle engine wear. The fluid is pumped throughout the engine through a series of pipes and pipes, absorbing heat from the engine, effectively lowering the temperature. The hot liquid then passes through the radiator and is cooled with air.
The water is actually working enough to cool the engine. The problem is that the water freezes and boils too soon. During winter or in places where temperatures reach extremely low levels, water can freeze and block the conduction system.
At extremely high temperatures, or if the engine runs hotter than usual, the water will turn into steam and can damage the engine. That is why coolant or antifreeze is mixed with water. This special compound increases the boiling point and lowers the freezing point of water in the cooling system so it can operate effectively under extreme conditions.
In addition, the engine coolant has special additives that prevent corrosion and reduce electrolysis due to continuously flowing water.
Why do You Need Engine Coolant
Every vehicle engine needs it to operate efficiently and without damage. The water in the cooling system prevents corrosion, rusting, and other wear-and-tear that can damage the engine over time. It also helps maintain an even temperature inside of your car’s engine so you don’t have to worry about overheating or freezing up during winter.